The Four-Step Leadership Theory developed under the Leadership project at Human Science Lab stipulates that the leadership achievement of an individual is proportional to the optimal use of four principal components that makes a leader – motivation, planning, energising and executing.

The principle was examined through scientific investigation into numerous biographic materials available on some of the most influential leadership figures from different expertise and different historic periods including Aristotle, Archimedes, Albert Einstein, Beethoven, Charles Darwin, Copernicus, Christopher Columbus, Galileo Galilei, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Isaac Newton, Leonardo Da Vinci, Mahatma Gandhi, Michael Faraday, Mozart, Nikula Tesla, Niles Bohr, Spinoza and Stephen Hawkings.